By Tonnes Bekker-Nielsen
This quantity demanding situations the orthodox view that fishing and fish performed just a marginal position within the economic climate of the traditional global. in reality, there's archaeological proof for historical fish processing on a advertisement scale not just within the Mediterranean itself, but additionally at the Atlantic coast and within the Black Sea quarter, specially the Crimea. Our literary assets testify to the frequent culinary and medicinal use of salted fish and fermented fish sauces in antiquity, and particularly within the first centuries advert. during this ebook, the authors examine the current country of analysis on old fishing and talk about its implications for the heritage of the Black Sea area, particularly the interval of Greek colonization alongside its shorelines. whereas grain has frequently been considered because the major export commodity of the Pontic colonies, the lifestyles of salting-vats at the coast of the Crimea point out creation of salt-fish or fish sauce on a wide scale, possibly for export. notwithstanding, many questions stay unanswered: for example relating possession and association of the processing amenities, or how the completed product was once transported to far away markets.
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Extra info for Ancient Fishing and Fish Processing in the Black Sea Region (Black Sea Studies)
At the same time I hope to identify areas needing further investigation. 2. Production Information about production of ancient processed fish products derives in the main from three types of sources: literary references, archaeological remains of salting installations, and comparative data from production methods of similar modern products. The fact that Greco-Roman literary references to processed fish products derive from many different sources and genres and, for the most part, that they are casual in nature, strongly imply that salt-fish and fish sauce were commonplace in ancient life.
See Curtis 1991, App. I-4 and I-5, respectively. 23 For Paris Bibliothèque Ms. Lat. 11219, see Lestocquoy 1952, 185-186. For an English translation of this section of the Geoponika, see Curtis 1991, 12-13. 24 For strained fish sauce, see Apicius de re Coq. 7110. 25 For the text of Artemidoros, see Pack 1963, 72. Cf. Manilios Astronom. 670674. 26 Xenokrates ap. 133-152. For salt fish products in ancient medicine, see Curtis 1991, 27-37. While Xenokrates’ work is unavailable in English translation, Galen’s De alimentorum facultatibus (On the Properties of Foodstuffs) can be consulted in Powell 2003.
Also the first-century AD Spanish vessel of garum scombri, found in Mogontiacum (mod. Mainz), that bore a titulus pictus indicating that the recipient was the imperial legate P. Pomponius Secundus. See Ehmig 1996, 25-56. 65 Van Neer and Lentacker 1994, 53-62. 66 Curtis1984a, 147-158; Immerzeel 1990, 183-192. 67 Curtis 1991, 79-85; Carreras Monfort 2000, 141-149; Jones 1988, 126-131. 68 Some tituli picti may have included indication of an export tax levied at the port of embarkation. See Frank 1936, 87-90.
Ancient Fishing and Fish Processing in the Black Sea Region (Black Sea Studies) by Tonnes Bekker-Nielsen