By William Bill Adams
'Conservation within the twenty first century should be diverse and this booklet is an efficient indicator of why' Bulletin of British Ecological Society. opposed to Extinction tells the background of flora and fauna conservation from its roots within the nineteenth century, in the course of the starting place of the Society for the upkeep of the Wild Fauna of the Empire in London in 1903 to the large and various overseas stream of the current day. It vividly portrays conservation's legacy of massive video game searching, the battles for the institution of nationwide parks, the worldwide value of species conservation and debates over the sustainable use of and exchange in natural world. invoice Adams addresses the large questions and concepts that experience pushed conservation for the final a hundred years: How can the variety of existence be maintained as human calls for on this planet extend probably with out restrict? How can maintenance be reconciled with human rights and the improvement wishes of the bad? Is conservation whatever that may be imposed via a educated elite, or is it anything that are supposed to emerge certainly from people's unfastened offerings? those have by no means been effortless questions, and they're as very important within the twenty first century as at any time some time past. the writer takes us on a full of life old trip looking for the solutions.
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Additional info for Against Extinction: The Story of Conservation
40 The Challenge of Nature 17 The other organization whose name has most potential to confuse the reader is the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (the World Conservation Union). I have generally referred to this by its familiar acronym IUCN. Prior to taking this name in 1956, it was called the International Union for the Preservation of Nature (IUPN). The story in this book is complex, and, as the century wears on, increasingly so. It is easy to become mired in the jungle of acronyms and organizations, meetings and projects.
Several organizations have changed their names through the 20th century. I have everywhere tried to use the names relevant to the period concerned. Of particular note are the name changes in what is now Fauna & Flora International. This was founded as the Society for the Preservation of the Wild Fauna of the Empire (SPWFE). It dropped the word ‘wild’ from their title after the First World War, and became the Fauna Preservation Society (FPS) in 1950. They added ‘Flora’ to their title in 1980 (becoming the Fauna and Flora Preservation Society – FFPS), and became Fauna & Flora International (FFI) in 1992.
Books like H A Bryden’s Gun and Camera in Southern Africa14 warned of the imminent destruction of game. The age of preservation had arrived. 22 Against Extinction IMPERIAL CONSERVATION In a sense it had long been there. The first game legislation in the Cape was introduced by the Dutch in 1657, with a law in 1684 that distinguished between protected animals (like hippopotamus) and vermin (like lions). A close relative of the quagga, the Cape mountain zebra, nearly shared its fate. 15 The impacts of settlers and hunters on wildlife in South Africa were not unusual.
Against Extinction: The Story of Conservation by William Bill Adams