Top multinational researchers of their revered fields supply overall insurance of all of the theoretical, actual, man made and analytical features of acid derivatives in addition to their mechanistic and organic houses.
Chapter 1 basic and theoretical (pages 1–50): Harold Basch and Tova Hoz
Chapter 2 Thermochemistry of carboxylic acids and derivatives (pages 51–94): G. Pilcher
Chapter three Chiroptical homes of acid derivatives (pages 95–131): Jan Sandstrom
Chapter four Mass spectrometry of carboxylic acid derivatives (pages 133–151): Helge Egsgaard and Lars Carlsen
Chapter five Nuclear magnetic resonance of acids and acid derivatives (pages 153–226): Poul Erik Hansen
Chapter 6 ESR stories of natural loose radicals from carboxylic acids and their derivatives (pages 227–266): Michael J. Davies, Bruce C. Gilbert and Adrian C. Whitwood
Chapter 7 Vibrational research of acid derivatives (pages 271–303): Herman O. Desseyn
Chapter eight Acid–base homes of carboxylic acids, esters and amides (pages 305–369): Romuald I Zalewski
Chapter nine Syntheses and makes use of of isotopically labelled acid derivatives (pages 371–546): Mieczyslaw Zielinski and Marianna Kanska
Chapter 10 The chemistry of lactones and lactams (pages 547–614): G. V. Boyd
Chapter eleven the artificial makes use of of carboxylic acids and their derivatives (pages 615–701): Jeffrey Hoyle
Chapter 12 Vapour and gas?phase reactions of carboxylic acids and their derivatives (pages 703–746): Kenneth A. Holbrook
Chapter thirteen Mechanistic points. fresh advancements pertaining to mechanisms of acylation by means of carboxylic acid derivatives (pages 747–802): D. P. N. Satchell and R. S. Satchell
Chapter 14 Thio derivatives (pages 803–847): S. Kato and T. Murai
Chapter 15 Hydroxamic acids (pages 849–873): James W. Munson
Chapter sixteen The chemistry of amidoximes (pages 875–966): Demetrios N. Nicolaides and Evangelia A. Varella
Chapter 17 coaching and chemistry of ortho acids, ortho esters and ortho amides (pages 967–1030): Ulf Pindur
Chapter 18 contemporary advancements pertaining to carboxyl teams in biochemistry (pages 1031–1061): Alan H. Mehler
Chapter 19 Pharmacology of acid derivatives (pages 1063–1105): Abraham Danon and Zvi Ben?Zvi
Chapter 20 Photochemistry of esters, lactones and their thio analogues (pages 1107–1198): Hiroshi Suginome
Chapter 21 Radiation chemistry of fatty and amino acids (pages 1199–1248): S. V. Jovanovic and Lj. R. Josimovic
Chapter 22 Electrochemistry of carboxylic acids: mechanistic features of Kolbe?type reactions (pages 1249–1270): Elisabet Ahlberg
Chapter 23 Rearrangements (pages 1271–1394): Miguel A. Miranda and Hermenegildo Garcia
Chapter 24 the applying of lipases in natural synthesis (pages 1395–1473): Gudmundur G. Haraldsson
Chapter 25 Diazoacetic acids and derivatives (pages 1475–1637): Oleg M. Nefedov, Evgenii A. Shapiro and Alexey B. Dyatkin
Chapter 26 Anion radicals of fragrant carboxylic acids and their derivatives: constitution and reactivity (pages 1639–1682): Isaak I. Bilkis
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Extra resources for Acid Derivatives: Volume 2 (1992)
TestsIo5 on a number of molecules have shown the off-site expansion to be well converged already at the quadrupole level, accurate at the octupole level, and to give a very good representation of the molecular charge distribution. These tests compare the calculated electrostatic potential using the exact charge distribution with the distributed multi-pole representation. The individual multi-pole terms (including the monopole charge) are found to be basis set dependent, as are the individual components of the Mulliken p o p ~ l a t i o n " ~ but , the over-all accuracy is good.
A survey of the Cambridge Structural Database for the preferred site (one or two oxygen atoms) and conformational (syn or anti) attachment of metal ions to carboxylate groups in metal-containing proteins has recently been carried out l E 3 . Statistically speaking, it was found that monodentate attachment in the syn conformation is preferred, although the transition metal ions in this survey were all doubly charged. The constraints 41 1. General and theoretical FIGURE 32. Formate anion. Bond lengths in A, bond angIes in degrees.
1 (CAS) kcal mol-’. 6 kcal mol-’. The calculated high stability of W P F even in the gas phase argues against this complex being able to play a significant role in the hydrolysis of the peptide linkage. A more detailed analysis of these and other related results will be presented elsewhere’*. 1 IV. REACTION FIELD METHODS The electronic structure description of molecules and their properties in chemical and biochemical systems by ah inifio methods is currently undergoing continued improvement and extension.
Acid Derivatives: Volume 2 (1992)