By Hans-Christian Schmitz (auth.)
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Additional resources for Accentuation and Interpretation
The meteorologists need to presuppose only little mutual knowledge, so that even with the utterances mentioned they could change the common ground. Objection 2: according to the reply, discourse participants can presuppose as little mutual knowledge as they wish. In that way, even the most trivial utterances can be informative. This means that the informativity requirement is too weak. Reply: it is correct that the informativity requirement is weak; however, it is not too weak. The discourse participants are free to choose the common ground at the beginning of their discourse.
The recipient allegedly recognises a breach of the maxim of manner and concludes that Miss X’s performance satisﬁed the prevailing notions of singing only marginally. The interpretation of the examples requires an answer to the question how the recipient arrives at the intended implicatures after he has noticed the violations. Grice does not deﬁne rules for drawing the implicatures. I propose – in opposition to Grice – that the implicatures do not depend on violations of the conversational maxims, but on the assumption that the maxims are observed.
They then presuppose more mutual knowledge than is actually available. This can, for example, cause them to express themselves less informatively than would be adequate. An incorrect assumption about the common ground can never lead to over-informative utterances. If a speaker believes that p does not belong to the common 10 Knowledge about the knowledge of others can be interesting and useful. A popular, albeit not very realistic example is the so-called Muddy Children Puzzle (cf. Fagin et al.
Accentuation and Interpretation by Hans-Christian Schmitz (auth.)