By Robert J. Alexander
Bolivia used to be the guts level for some of the most vital Latin American social revolutions of the 20 th century, one who happened amid a sea of super political instability. the growth of equipped hard work that happened throughout the Twenties used to be met with a number of govt reprisals and used to be principally curbed via the Chaco warfare with Paraguay of 1932-1935. however, regardless of being pressured to function illegally, the hard work circulate came upon help in different political events, the main profitable of which used to be the Movimiento Nacionalista Revolucionario, a powerhouse within the miners' federation. aware of the outstanding upheavals which punctuated Bolivian background through the 20th century, Alexander lines the relative successes of Bolivia's exertions unions, contextualizing their triumphs and disappointments in the fascinating heritage of Bolivia's tumultuous political scene.Bolivia used to be the heart degree for the most vital Latin American social revolutions of the 20th century, person who happened amid a sea of great political instability. the growth of equipped hard work that happened in the course of the Nineteen Twenties was once met with quite a few executive reprisals and was once principally curbed by means of the Chaco warfare with Paraguay of 1932-1935. however, regardless of being forced to function illegally, the exertions flow discovered aid in different political events, the main profitable of which was once the Movimiento Nacionalista Revolucionario, a powerhouse within the miners' federation. aware of the notable upheavals which punctuated Bolivian background throughout the 20th century, Alexander strains the relative successes of Bolivia's exertions unions, contextualizing their triumphs and disappointments in the eye-catching historical past of Bolivia's tumultuous political scene.Alexander explains how the exertions stream advanced within the framework of a number of political alterations, together with: the short presidency of significant Gualberto Villarroel which all started in December 1943 and lasted simply and a part years; the Bolivian nationwide Revolution which started on April nine, 1952; the onset of agrarian reform in 1952; the overthrow of the progressive regime in November 1964
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Additional info for A History of Organized Labor in Bolivia
47. , pages 141-144. 48. , pages 159-161. 49. , pages 161-167. 50. , pages 167-169. 51. , pages 169-175. 52. Interview with Tristan Marof, head of Partido Socialista Obrero Boliviano, in La Paz, May 26, 1947. 53. Lora, 1970, op. , page 164. 54. Lora, 1969, op. c i t , page 369. 55. , pages 3 6 5 - 3 6 6 . 56. , page 370. 57. , pages 3 7 2 - 3 7 3 . 58. , pages 3 8 0 - 3 8 1 . 59. , pages 382-392; see also Delgado Gonzales, op. , pages 69-78. 60. Lora, 1969, op. c i t , page 4 0 1 . 61. , pages 4 0 1 - 4 2 3 .
Halfway through his term Hertzog resigned for "health reasons," giving way to his vice president, Mamerto Urriolagoitia. New elec- Unionism from the Chaco War to the Bolivian National Revolution 41 tions were held in 1951, showing the MNR nominees for president and vice president, Victor Paz Estenssoro and Hernan Siles, leading with 54,049 votes compared to 39,940 for their nearest rivals, according to the official count. 12 Thereupon, Urriollagoitia resigned, and a military junta took over, canceling the results of the election.
The Third Congress, like the one two years earlier, was presided over by Romando Chumcero. It was more clearly Marxistoriented than the meeting in La Paz had been. It reconfirmed the decision to establish the Confederacion Nacional del Trabajo, which was also referred to as the Confederacion Boliviana del Proletario and the Confederacion Boliviana del Trabajo. It decided that the headquarters should be in Oruro and elaborated plans to establish federations in each of the departments of the republic.
A History of Organized Labor in Bolivia by Robert J. Alexander