Download PDF by G. Mirfendereski: A Diplomatic History of the Caspian Sea: Treaties, Diaries,

By G. Mirfendereski

ISBN-10: 0230107575

ISBN-13: 9780230107571

ISBN-10: 1349387118

ISBN-13: 9781349387113

In a chain of brief tales that either tell and amuse, this ebook transports the reader around the windswept seashores of the Caspian Sea and offers a provocative view of the wars, peace, intrigues, and betrayals that experience formed the political geography of this crucial and risky quarter. The loss of life of the Soviet Union in 1991 and the eclipsing of the outdated Iranian-Soviet regime of the ocean have given upward thrust to new demanding situations for the local actors and remarkable possibilities for foreign gamers to faucet into the area's huge, immense oil and fuel assets, 3rd in dimension in basic terms at the back of Siberia and the Persian Gulf. This e-book explores the historic issues that tell and animate the extra speedy and general discussions approximately petroleum, pipelines, and ethnic clash within the Caspian sector.

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Additional info for A Diplomatic History of the Caspian Sea: Treaties, Diaries, and Other Stories

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The shah advanced north-northeast for about 70 miles until he reached the outskirts of Gonbad Qabus, where he camped on the banks of Gorgan River among the Goklen people, the weaker of the Turkmen tribes. They offered him provisions and pledged 500 souls from among them as hostages. The court next proceeded westward along the river toward Gorgan and in the direction of the land of the Yamut at Bibi Shirvan, some 16 miles west of Gonbad Qabus. 5 The Turkmens committed their maritime depredations and mischief chiefly in the Bay of Astarabad, a calm body of water, more or less a lagoon, and a day’s journey from Gorgan.

Farther out to sea, the shah noted also the presence of 3 Russian warships at anchor; they had come for the purpose of ceremony and in the shah’s estimation they were by nature slower moving than the steamers. Later, in the evening, the shah, moved by the beauty of the full moon, boarded a boat that was commanded by the able captain Hajji Dadash Badkubeh and went past the straits of Anzali to have a closer look at the Russian steamers. On May 12, a Monday morning, one boat after another was ferrying people and cargo from Anzali to the steamers in preparation for the shah’s departure for Russia.

A. Likharov and the other one, the Aras, was commanded by Captain Petrichinkov. The Kama took up position off Ashuradeh facing Miyankaleh, while the other was stationed off Bandar Gaz. ”7 Great Ashuradeh itself proved anything but hospitable. The harsh and malarial climate soon affected Russian health. In the first nine months, admiral Du Gamel himself spent two months in bed. His sick compatriots were sent to Ashuradeh, as the island was turned into a field hospital. According to W. R. Holmes, an English traveler, who visited the place within the year of Du Gamel’s arrival, the numerous sick had been housed in two tents; some were convalescing, some were near death, and some were dead already waiting to be transported to the graveyard located on the western end of the island.

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A Diplomatic History of the Caspian Sea: Treaties, Diaries, and Other Stories by G. Mirfendereski


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